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Depression is a serious mental illness that adversely affects a person's feelings, thinking, and behavior. Unlike sadness, depression haunts your mind in the long run and often affects your ability to feel pleasure and constantly interferes with overall functioning in day to day life. Symptoms may last for even years without treatment. It can cause other health issues and impairment and even suicide in rare cases.

Depression Diagnosis and Treatment

You first need to visit the doctor for being diagnosed. The symptoms of depression often match with symptoms of some medical conditions and medicines like a thyroid disorder. A doctor can take physical tests, lab tests, and interviews to figure out such possibilities. If you are diagnosed with depression, they may refer to the best doctors for treating depression in India. 

There are different ways to treat depression. Any psychotherapy and antidepressant medications are the main treatment options. You can also join a luxury centre for treating depression in India.

Is depression more common in women than men?

Depression is twice more prevalent in women than in men. Around 20% of women suffer one episode of depression at least in their lifetime. Scientists are looking for more common causes and major factors in increased risk among women. Psychological and hormonal factors, life cycles, and biological factors are different in women. Hormones impact mood and emotions and even affect brain chemistry.

Girls and boys are at the same risk of depression in the early stages. Girls become more vulnerable to depression when they reach adolescence. The hormonal and biological changes in puberty may be the reason behind the steep rise in depression rates among girls in adolescence. Girls are more likely to keep feeling bad when they face tough events or situations. So, they are highly vulnerable to depression.

Signs and Symptoms

Here are some of the common symptoms that show up for around 2 consecutive weeks. One of five symptoms is either due to lack of interest or depressed mood –

  • Changes in appetite which causes weight gain or losses which are not related to dieting 
  • Lack of pleasure or interest in activities almost every day.
  • Depressed mood almost every day 
  •  Increased fatigue 
  • Restlessness
  •  Changes in sleep 
  • Anxiety
  • Unnecessary guilt
  • A feeling of being helpless, hopeless and thankless
  • Attempts of suicide and feelings of death
  •  A problem in focusing, thinking and making decisions